Engineers solve real-life problems. They find the best solutions through the application of their knowledge, experience and skills. Engineers help to define and refine the way of life by providing innovative, higher-performance, safer, cleaner or more comfortable day-use facilities for human beings. They seek improvement through the processes of invention, design, manufacturing and construction.
The products of engineering activities are intended to be sustainable. However, drawbacks are associated with such activities; for example, the water, air, environment and acoustic pollution resulting of the same engineering marvels of decades ago.
The engineer’s problem-solving complexity grows as the world’s social and technological problems become more closely related. For example, the problem of air pollution cannot be solved physically without considering the social, legal, political, and ethical conflicts. Moreover, the impact of the available engineering solutions on the interests of the individuals and groups should be considered.
The engineering study provides the students with the advanced, effective, technology-based education justifying the expectations of the future of science and technology. It should also provide the technical understanding and problem-solving skills which allow coping with the challenges of tomorrow.
The NARS for Engineering set out generic statements which represent general expectations about standards for the Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree in Engineering. These statements clarify the attributes associated with the award of engineering degrees:
According to the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), Engineering is the knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. It is the ability to initiate and conduct activity associated with engineering processes, systems, problems, opportunities, history, future, impacts, ethics and consequences. It involves knowledge, ways of thinking and acting and capabilities. It helps preparing individuals to make well informed choices in their roles as consumers, workers, citizens and members of the global community.
The engineering education should achieve excellence in undergraduate and graduate education, research, public service and advancement of the state-of-the-art within the discipline. It aims to produce able, broadly educated, highly qualified engineers and useful creative high quality research and technology through academic excellence. Moreover, it intends to challenge the students, faculty and staff to learn, grow, achieve and serve the needs of society nationally, regionally and internationally. It means also to prepare students for a productive and rewarding career in engineering based on strong moral and ethical foundation.